Liposuction refers to the removal of fat that is located between the skin and muscle.
Removal of this fat improves the shape of the region that is treated. Treatment areas can be everywhere in the body where fat is located and ranges from the face to the feet. Liposuction works by breaking down the fat which is then sucked by negative pressure into a canister. This fat can be discarded or used again for lipo modelling (injection of fat into other regions of the body). The breakdown can be carried out using different energy forms which gives its name to the type of liposuction, ultrasound, laser, hydro and mechanical energy is used resulting in the different types of liposuction, laser lipo, ultrasonic liposuction, water-jet assisted and traditional.
All of these energy forms are delivered via a metal cylinder called a cannula. The cannula is attached to a negative pressure suction device. Once the fat is broken down it is sucked into the canister by the device.
Complications of Liposuction
There are complications that relate to all types of liposuction and those that are specific to the mode of liposuction, example laser lipo.
- Hypovolemia (loss of fluids and dehydration) and shock. This could occur with large volume liposuction. (Large volume is defined as 5 litres.)
- Deep Vein Thrombosis. This is a blood clot that can occur in the legs, thighs or chest. It occurs in the presence of significant risk factors. Every surgeon will stratify patient risk and take appropriate prevention measures.
- Fat Embolism. This is a very rare complication.
- Contour irregularity
- Roll and fold creation
Local Complications (complications that occur at the site of liposuction)
- Burns (occurs with ultrasound and laser lipo)